Markup in the Writing Classroom

Genre: bib

Student id: b11

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      <?xml-model href="../schema_3302.rng" type="application/xml" schematypens=""?><!--the second line in the document associates the schema, so be sure not to change it-->
    <!--required header includes metadata about the assignment (title, author, version)-->
    <title>Writing Project 1 - Annotated Bibliography</title>
    <version n="3" date="2016-07-13"/>
    <!--note that the date must be YYYY-MM-DD for the document to be valid-->
    <problem_stmt> The web app Northeastern University uses to help students search for co-ops
            is antiquated. The tools provided to navigate the site are lackluster and the whole
            service suffers from poor contributer (co-op
            providers) input. It is important to focus on the issue being one of usability and
            interface quality rather then this being a back end problem. This meaning the
            issue is primarily related to the aspects of the web service that the user can see and
            interact with (or not in the case of a lack of features). </problem_stmt>
    <citation style="MLA" n="1">
      <author>Julie M. Rinder</author>
      <title>The Importance of Website Usability Testing</title>
      <!-- Rinder, Julie M. The Importance of Website Usability Testing. University of Oregon, 12 July 2012. 
                Web. 11 July 2016. <>.-->
      <background type="source">Rinder's capstone report brings together a large collection of
                professional works regarding the history of website usability and the actual process
                of testing it. The author brings this to us in the form of a scholarly annotated
                bibliography This University of Oregon report also provides us with a large scope of
                website usability, including recent influences on web usability all the way through
                how businesses can adapt to these influences. </background>
      <summary type="approach">The Importance of Website Usability starts off with a strong
                idea: that perceived usability is key to user satisfaction. Though Rinder often
                takes a business focused lens when discussing usability and why it is important, the
                ideas are relevant to all circles. The report outlines the criteria it used for
                sources, including looking for authority and quality. After the bulk of the report
                consisting of annotated bibliographies, Rinder has a lengthy conclusion, breaking
                down what the author considers to be the defining principles of usability, comparing
                and contrasting researched ideas and often noting the similarities. The majority of
                    his analytical work comes in
                the conclusion, and it focuses heavily on the importance and process of reliable
                testing. </summary>
      <relevance type="application"> Rinder presents this simple idea: Users use and return to
                websites if they can easily find useful information-in other words, the
                acceptability of web applications relies on their usability. This is well said.
                Unfortunately in some cases, users don't have the choice. If you are looking for
                compelling reading into why you should appreciate well made web services, look no
                further. Although Rinder focuses heavily on usability testing rather then the
                philosophy behind usability, readers may find the conclusion detailing usability
                more relevant for creating arguments for and how to improve services. </relevance>
    <citation style="MLA" n="2">
      <author n="1">Rex P. Singular</author>
      <author n="2">Roselle S. Basa</author>
      <ref>Journal of Educational Technology and Society 14.4</ref>
      <title>Factors Affecting Faculty Web Portal Usability</title>
      <!-- Bringula, Rex P., and Basa, Roselle S. "Factors Affecting Faculty Web Portal Usability."
                 Journal of Educational Technology & Society 14.4, Advanced Learning Technologies (2011):
                 253-65. Web. 12 July 2016. <>. -->
      <background type="author">From the College of Computer Studies and Systems at the
                University of East-Manila, Philippines, Singular and Basa investigate what can
                impact web portal usability. The results of their research were intended to aid the
                university's online services, specifically in the interest of developing new ones.
                Included in their work is a large study of the present faculty including the
                questionnaire used. </background>
      <summary type="general"> The article takes an analytical approach to different paradigms
                explaining the common occurs low usability of web services. The two authors look at
                a number of publications that analyze similar topics and add to previous work in the
                field. Similar to other medium analysis work, the two authors develop their own principles of web
                design and go into an in-depth explanation of each. The authors also provide
                evidence for a number of original thesis statements relevant to the development of
                faculty and staff web portals. </summary>
      <relevance type="application"> As outlined in preface of their research, the majority of
                the authors' claims are targeted at university web portals for faculty and students.
                If this is what you are researching, this is paper is loaded with relevant original
                data and analysis. That should not discourage other researchers. The two authors
                make a number of important queries into the effects of images and layouts to
                navigability, which could be applied to any web service. The data the two authors
                collected is gathered mostly from tech savy
                students, which presents a clear bias. Although that may be unavoidable at such a
                technical college.
                Despite this the research is valuable and the authors make a number of interesting
                arguments throughout the piece that anyone interested in digital interfaces would
                benefit from reading.</relevance>
    <citation style="MLA" n="3">
      <author n="1">Alexiei Dingli</author>
      <author n="2">Sarah Cassar</author>
      <title>An Intelligent Framework for Website Usability</title>
      <!-- Dingli, Alexiei, and Sarah Cassar. "An Intelligent 
                Framework for Website Usability." An Intelligent Framework for
                Website Usability. Department of Intelligent Computer Systems, 
                Faculty of ICT, University of Malta, Malta, 14 Apr. 2014. Web. 
                12 July 2016. <>. -->
      <background type="source"> The introduction to this article discusses a very common
                theme among web design research; websites play a central role in modern marketing.
                Specifically that at one time, it was enough to just own a website, but now that
                website are forced to compete vigorously. This paradigm influences the majority of the piece,
                and and provides the reader with a valuable bare bones history. </background>
      <summary type="interpretation"> The meat of article is the discussion surrounding the
                technical elements and procedures to automate usability. The authors suggest discuss
                a number of empirical testing methods and already available analysis tools. The
                articles can be summed up with this: <q>As a means of assisting website designers in
                    developing usable websites, the aim of this paper is to present a tool which
                    automates the process of website usability evaluation in order to eliminate the
                    current obstacles preventing this process from being exercised in practice.
      <relevance type="application"> Despite the overwhelming majority of the article being a
                discussion about automated usability testing, this article has a number valuable
                outlines regarding what is expected of usability, referencing a number of previously
                existing standards. Although the bulk of the tools listed and the discussion itself is
                oriented at an professional audience, anyone can benefit from reading this article
                by internalizing the paradigms that influenced it. In regards to the paper's
                credibility, it is incredibly well sourced and provides a lengthy look into the
                research process. </relevance>
    <citation style="MLA" n="4">
      <author n="1">Rodrigo Coutinho</author>
      <title>What makes a great web app great?</title>
      <!-- Coutinho, Rodrigo. "What Makes a Great Web App Great?" Web log post. N.p.,13 Jan. 2011. Web. 12 July 2016. 
      <background type="author"> Coutinho is an author and developer at Outsystems. Outsystems
                is a business oriented application service that focuses on providing total packages.
                For example: complete services like a web app and mobile that are integrated. </background>
      <summary type="summary"> The author's short blog post provides us with a developer's
                experience of web application design. He begins to talk about the external (user
                end) experiences that create a valuable service, but then switches his focus to the
                inner workings of a great web app. The author summarizes the characteristics that he
                believes set an application up for success. The author also reminds of a common
                pitfall of web development, and that is how the back end of the application must set
                the front end up for success. </summary>
      <relevance type="value_stmt"> Although short, the author uses the size of this blog post
                well. Straight to the point, the author identifies what he wants to convey quickly
                and effectively. Anyone in or outside the industry can benefit from reading this
                blog post, especially if you are considering developing a web application.</relevance>
    <citation style="MLA" n="5">
      <author n="1">Paul Boag</author>
      <title>How to Build a Better Web Application for Your Business</title>
      <!-- Boag, Paul. "How To Build A Better Web Application For Your Business – Smashing Magazine." Smashing Magazine. N.p., 10 Aug. 2011.
                Web. 12 July 2016. <>.-->
      <background type="source"> Right out of the gate, Boag's blog post smacks you in the
                face with its intentions. <q>Are you fed up with hearing about yet another Silicon
                    Valley Web application built with fairy dust and funded by magic pixies?</q> The
                answer for many is yes, and Boag's candid humor sets the mood the reader. The post
                is long, and detailed, but segmented in a way that is easy to digest. </background>
      <summary type="approach"> As Boag puts it: <q>For us, developing a web application is
                    about meeting a particular business need</q> A clear and concise explanation,
                Boag explains how most developers have to work around business interests.
                Specifically stating that it is a luxury for a developer to have the digital
                infrastructure as the primary concern. Without actually stating it, Boag explains
                why it is common to see poor usiablity on
                highly funded projects. As a developer himself, Boag uses this blog post to share
                his "secrets" of working with web applications within the confines of business
                interests. Interestingly, they are not technical solutions, but personal ones. This
                isn't always the approach of software developer, and it leaves the reader with more
                to think about than just the relevant software development issues. </summary>
      <relevance type="application"> Anyone looking to develop business oriented web
                applications should read this blog post. The questions asked not only point out ways
                to create better software, but also how to better interact in compartmentalized
                corporations. Contractors, outside developers, or in-house developers will benefit
                from Boag's ideas. This personal approach to developing is something all industry
                workers should be conscious of, whether you lead a product or just joined a scrum
                team. </relevance>


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